Each child develops at their own rate, and some advance more quickly than others. Minor, short delays are typically nothing to worry about, but persistent delays or frequent delays in achieving milestones may be an indication of difficulties down the road. A developmental delay is characterized by a kid not achieving the developmental milestones at the anticipated period. One or more of the numerous areas, such as language, social, emotional, fine or gross motor, or thinking skills, may be delayed.
Children frequently need more basic social skills. This covers both vocal and nonverbal actions. A child may not be interested in talking, may not know how to appropriately welcome people, may not know how to ask for information or get attention, and may disclose information in an improper manner.
Hyperactivity & Inattention
Hyperactivity is the term used to describe a child that is exceptionally or excessively active. This makes it difficult to pay attention to what is being said, follow directions, or sit still.
A child has sensory difficulties when they struggle to process and react to information from their senses. Hypersensitivity may be seen in young children who are readily aroused. Hyposensitive children have fewer feelings and are less easily aroused.
Gait training is a particular type of physical therapy that helps you strengthen and improve your walking and posture. Gait is the term used to describe the way we walk. Your posture, balance, ability to change your position, and eventually your endurance are all given special attention. This type of therapy is designed to assist you in gaining greater freedom and confidence when walking, even if you use adapted walking aids.
Muscle Tone, Strength, and Endurance
The tension in a muscle while at rest is referred to as muscular Tone. A child’s muscular tone might be low, high (hypertonia), or variable. Muscular strength is how hard a muscle can work, but muscular endurance is all about how long a muscle can work.
Speech & Language Delay
If your child doesn’t reach the age-appropriate language developmental milestones, they may have a language delay. They can be developing their linguistic skills more slowly than normal kids do. They could struggle to communicate or comprehend others.
Fine Motor Skills
Our ability to do the delicate, regulated and tiny hand motions necessary for all daily activities is based on our ability to use our fine motor skills effectively. To create the tiny motions required for dexterity, one has to be able to manipulate things in the hand using fine motor abilities.
Writing by hand is a challenging skill. The child must have excellent fine motor control, eye-hand coordination, midline crossing, bilateral coordination, visual perceptual skills, and many other abilities in order to write legibly. An indication of dysgraphia, a form of learning impairment that impacts spelling and manifests in children as illegible handwriting despite the effort, is difficulty with handwriting.
Activities of Daily Living
The phrase “activities of daily living” (ADLs) refers to a group of core abilities needed for self-care, including eating, bathing, dressing, grooming, using the restroom, transferring, and mobility.
Balance and Coordination
When doing a job, whether it is sitting at a table, walking a balance beam, or stepping up onto a curb, balance is the capacity to maintain a regulated bodily posture. We require the capacity to hold regulated postures during both static (still) and dynamic (moving) activities in order to perform across contexts and tasks.
Pain and Posture
The way you hold your body and limbs while standing, sitting, or lying down is known as your posture. To have excellent posture, you must be conscious of maintaining yourself in the position that puts the least amount of stress on your body to prevent postural discomfort.
Play is the voluntarily self-motivated participation in activities. Interpersonal (playing with others) or intrapersonal (playing by oneself) interactions can include fun, pretend, or imaginary productive activities. Children learn about their bodies, surroundings, and place in the world through play. The capacity to design and order play activities, including new ones, to solve problems, and to transfer skills from one activity or toy to another are all considered play skills.
Learning & Memory Skills
Learning is impacted by our capacity for working with information or working memory. We can learn and carry out even simple activities thanks to it. Most children with executive functioning problems and ADHD struggle with this important skill.
Reading & Spelling Difficulties
Spelling and reading issues that put kids behind in school are frequently linked to dyslexia, a language-based learning disability. Both memory and processing speed may be impacted.
Emotional & Behavioral Problems
Children will learn to control their emotions, understand feelings, and express emotions via counseling and play, language, and communication therapy.
Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor (physical) abilities demand the use of the body’s big (core stabilizing) muscles to those that demand the use of the body’s big (core stabilizing) muscles in order to carry out daily tasks like standing up, walking, running, and sitting at a table straight.